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What You Should Know About Diabetes Mellitus

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Diabetes mellitus is the official name given to a group of metabolic diseases that result in abnormally high blood sugar levels. This term covers type 1 diabetes, where the pancreas produces insufficient insulin required to move glucose (sugar/energy) to the cells; type 2 diabetes, where the cells suddenly fail to respond to the insulin produced; or gestational diabetes, a type of the disease found in pregnant women.

The symptoms of diabetes may include blurred vision, unquenchable thirst, extreme hunger, lethargy, increased infections, slow sore healing and frequent urination. Though there is currently no cure, there are ways to treat diabetes through lifestyle modification.

Diabetes mellitus is a world-wide disease afflicting 171 million people as of 2000 (or 2.8% of the population), although many people remain undiagnosed. It’s estimated that the number of people affected will double by 2030. Unlike many other diseases, the scope of diabetes is most encompassing in developed countries, like the United States, Australia, Sweden, Finland and the UK, where unhealthy diets and sedentary lifestyes may be contributing factors.

Over the past thirty years, the rate of type 2 diabetes has increased substantially to include 24 million diagnosed, 5.7 million undiagnosed and another 60 million overweight, sedentary and borderline diabetics. The American Diabetes Association reports that over 18% of Americans over 60 have diabetes. As a result, the Center for Disease Control has dubbed the change an “epidemic” and predicted that 1 in 3 Americans born after 2000 will develop the disease during their lifetime.

If treatments for diabetes are not sought, many complications may ensue. Up to 50% of people with the disease suffer diabetic neuropathy, which causes tingling, pain, numbness and weakness in the hands and feet. Sometimes this can lead to reduced blood flow, ulcers, gangrene and amputation.

After 15 years, 2% of diabetics go blind and 10% suffer severe visual impairment as a result of damage to the retinal blood vessels. Diabetes is among the leading causes of kidney failure, causing 10 to 20% of diabetic deaths. Another 50% die from heart disease or stroke.

The best way to manage diabetes mellitus is through healthy eating, exercise, blood sugar monitoring, medication, immunizations and regular checkups. Patients with diabetes will need screenings for kidney/renal failure, cholesterol and retinopathy. Visiting the podiatrist and the dentist several times a year is also important for the diabetic.

By working with a primary physician, individuals can learn about warning signs of low or high blood sugar levels and how to treat this. They can also improve the quality of their lives and stop the body’s degeneration through exercise and a conscientious diet.

Mike Selvon has some informative articles for the creative mind. Find out more about the type diabetes mellitus at his resourceful site. We appreciate your feedback at our obesity causes blog.

Useful Information about Type 2 Diabetes

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Millions of people around the world have been diagnosed with diabetes (but many others don’t even yet know they have it!). This condition has no cure but fortunately it can be controlled successfully with a little bit of attention and a little bit of hard work. This article is about Type 2 diabetes and it will surely guide you towards the important aspects of controlling this condition. After reading this article you will see that you can surely get on with your life’s daily activities and control your blood sugar levels with the help of a suggested diet plan and the introduction of physical activity and exercise.

Diabetes Education about type 2:

Diabetes is a condition in which there is an excess amount of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Diabetes is the result of high glucose in the blood which can occur after eating many different types foods, but especially poor quality carbohydrates (from white flour, sugary sweets, and from highly processed foods which contain little fibre; you need fibre in your foods to help slow down the rapid rate of sugar absorption from the intestines otherwise blood sugar levels will rise too quickly!).
There are different types of diabetes and this article will highlight Type 2 diabetes. Diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes, the most common form of diabetes, is confirmed with the help of a test called the Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT). In this test the patient is provided with a drink having 75 grams of sugar (glucose). After a period of two hours, a blood sample is taken for examination of the blood glucose level. If the result is 11 mmol/l (200 mg/dl) or more, then a diagnosis Type 2 diabetes is confirmed.

Diet in Diabetes:

You can certainly control diabetes effectively with a diet and eating plan which must include only minimal amounts of simple sugars (sweets) and simple carbohydrates (white flour products). You now need to eat ‘complex’ carbohydrates such as wholegrain products (with plenty of fibre), vegetables (but not potatoes), beans and pulses (chickpeas, lentils and peas). Also, you need to change your eating habits by eating frequently and eating smaller sized meals. This will mean that there are smaller rises in your blood sugar after these smaller meals (instead of really big rises in blood glucose if you have only one or two really heavy (big) meals a day). So, you should eat more fresh fruits and vegetables while reducing the intake of white flour (although brown (wholemeal) flour is good), reducing white rice (although wholegrain brown rice is good) and reducing foods high in fat (especially with a lot of trans and saturated fats!). Avoid the intake of excessive oils and try to use olive oil instead of other forms of oils.

Even people who don’t have diabetes should follow this eating plan as it is healthy and may even prevent the onset of diabetes!

Lifestyle Changes:

A healthy lifestyle will surely help you to control diabetes and its serious complications. Firstly, do regular exercise (you can easily walk 10-20 minutes a day) to keep yourself fit and active, and also to burn and help your body reduce the sugar (glucose) levels in your blood. You also need to change your life style by modifying your eating habits. Eat smaller portions by dividing three big meals a day into six smaller ones. Alter your menu to include a smaller amounts of simple carbohydrates (like white flour, sugary sweets and white rice) and also include less sugar and salt intake as well.

Keep a check on your blood glucose levels regularly. Try to avoid any sudden large increases in your blood glucose by eating correctly and keeping yourself fit and healthy (by keeping active). Consult your dietitian and physician regularly with your blood sugar level records.

Your lifestyle plays a vital role in determining and controlling you blood sugar levels. So change your lifestyle by changing your meal quality and quantities. Eat smaller portions. Also try to reduce the amount of calories and the level of simple carbohydrates. And do regular exercise to keep yourself fit and active!

Role of Exercise in Diabetes:

90 % of the individuals who have Type 2 diabetes are over weight according to research surveys. So exercise has a great role to play in avoiding diabetes, or controlling it once you get it! Exercise will not only help you to maintain an ideal body weight but you will also gain the health benefits of being fit and active in life. Do regular exercise in any form, preferably to a time schedule (10, 20 or 30 min) and building up to 30 min a day, 4-5 times a week. But speak to your doctor before you begin any exercise plan! Walking, jogging, swimming and yoga are good exercises to help achieve the required level of physical activity to help you reduce your blood sugars!

Exercise will surely help you to control your cholesterol level and it will certainly also help you control your body weight.

Prevention of Diabetes:

Type 2 diabetes can be prevented in 60 % of cases by simply altering your lifestyle by incorporating good habits such as eating a balanced diet, maintaining a close to ideal body weight and undertaking regular physical activity and exercise! So, eat a healthy and controlled diet with smaller portions, avoid stress (which can increase your blood sugars) take any of the required medications and do regular exercise to enjoy life with diabetes!

Diabetes-Your-Blood-Sugar-Australia site provides useful information about Type 2 diabetes, HbA1C in Diabetes and Diabetes Knowledge

Everything you need to know about Type 2 diabetes

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Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes which constitutes more than 90% of all diabetes cases in the world. Also known as non-insulin dependent diabetes, it causes the body to progressively become resistant to insulin. In spite of research it does not have a permanent cure, however unlike type 1 diabetes, type 2 can be prevented.
While earlier this type of diabetes was known as adult-onset diabetes in the recent past the number of children affected by Type 2 diabetes has drastically increased. This is thanks to an inactive and erratic lifestyle, bad diet, growing obesity amongst children etc.
As Type 2 diabetes advancesit can lead to several complications which can be easily avoided by following a strict diet and an exercise regime.
Is Type 2 diabetes creeping up on you?

Know Prediabetes

There is also a condition called prediabetes which is defined by high blood sugar levels in a person but the symptoms are not enough to be characterized as diabetes. However, if prediabetesis not controlled then it can develop into Type 2 diabetes. While its symptoms aren’t too obvious, dark skin in certain areas can be warning signs.
To nip prediabetes in the bud, you simply have to improve your lifestyle, eat healthier, exercise often and maintain body weight.

If prediabetes advances into Type 2 diabetes, these are the symptoms that one should watch out for:

* Constant urination
* Severe hunger and fatigue
* Dry mouth
* Vomiting and irritability
* Blurred vision
* Excessive itching
* Wounds that heal slowly
* Numbness or tingling in feet

Possibility of the onslaught of Type 2 diabetes is higher if:

* You’re overweight and inactive
* Someone in your family has/had Type 2 diabetes
* You had gestational diabetes when you were pregnant or gave birth
* You have polycystic ovary syndrome
* You have high blood pressure

Quick & simple ways to prevent Type 2 diabetes:

* Lose the weight: research suggests that people who are obese are more likely to get Type 2 diabetes. So if you are tipping the scales, watch the weight by eating healthier, avoiding carbohydrates, including more fruits in your diet etc. Avoid crash diets as it would be difficult to maintain the weight loss, instead you are more likely to put on that weight and more.

* Sweat it out: Nothing beats regular exercising, join the gym, a dance class or any other physical activity of your liking to drop the pounds. It not only helps you maintain your glucose levels but the endorphins also improve your mental well-being.

* Improve your lifestyle: give your body a proper schedule by eating and sleeping on time. Reduce your alcohol intake and opt for a low-fat high-fiber diet. You can also speak to a dietician to get a diet customized to your body.

The best way to prevent Type 2 diabetes is to take a long, hard look at your life and making positive changes to keep Type 2 diabetes and prediabetes miles away.

Sowmya K is a certified dietician, who designs diet for type 2 diabetes patients specifically. But, she also has a keen passion for writing. So, she combined her professional knowledge and writing articles about everything one needs to know about when dealing Type 2 diabetes as well as the importance of discovering it in the prediabetes stage.

Facts About Type 2 Diabetes Cure

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Have you just been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes? Are you looking for a type 2 diabetes cure? Find out the truth about type 2 diabetes cure.

What Type 2 Diabetes Is

Diabetes can either be type 1 or type 2. Most people would consider type 1 diabetes to be more critical and serious because people suffering from this condition do not produce adequate insulin to regulate glucose levels. It is believed that genetic factors may play a big role in the development of type 1 diabetes. Type 2 on the other hand is characterized by insulin resistance. A type 2 diabetic’s pancreas may be fully functional but the body’s cells are resistant to the influence of insulin and do not take in as much glucose for cell energy production.

Most Americans with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. Although it is as devastating as type 1, it can be easier to manage especially when detected early because it does not involve a defective pancreas.

Cure for Type 2 Diabetes

Science has fallen short in providing a type 2 diabetes cure. At present there is no type 2 diabetes cure. Even insulin shots in severe type 2 cases are not considered a cure because an individual would still have to rely on external sources of the hormone to regulate glucose. Some researchers are now currently exploring the possibility of pancreas transplants for type 1 sufferers which may also work for severe type 2 patients. Even transplant research however has not yielded a suitable type 2 diabetes cure. Transplants could be rejected by the host’s cells or still end up failing to supply insulin.

Most individuals who hope for a type 2 diabetes cure simply have to be contented with prevention and treatment. With proper treatment, individuals can lead lives that are close to normal even without a type 2 diabetes cure.

Risk Factors

Getting treated early is the first step to stopping the full blown development of diabetes. In many ways, this is already similar to a type 2 diabetes cure. Treatment however relies on recognizing the symptoms early. Millions of Americans however do not show any diabetic symptoms until complications that affect the heart, eyes and skin have developed. One way to detect diabetes without the symptoms is to look at the risk factors. A family history of diabetes is most certainly a sign that you should watch over your blood glucose level or at least have it checked regularly. You should also be worried if you are heavier than the ideal weight for your age and height.

Prevention

Prevention is the best thing to do when there is no type 2 diabetes cure. Not much can be done if you are genetically predisposed to diabetes. Genetically inherited diabetes can simply be regulated through diet, exercise and medication. A lot can be done however if you have diabetes because of your weight and your lifestyle.

Some researches have shown that development of the type 2 diabetes condition can actually be delayed or prevented if treated in its early stages. Prevention lies mainly in strictly maintaining a planned diet and exercise program. Ask your doctor to teach you how to count your carbohydrates and come up with planned meals to keep your blood sugar level constant.

Get the truth about Type 2 Diabetes cure . Visit Diabetes Care FAQs.Info for some of the most comprehensive diabetes information.

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FAQs About Type 2 Diabetes Cure

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Are you looking for reliable type 2 diabetes cure data? Do you have questions about type 2 diabetes cure that you need answers to? Find out the truth about type 2 diabetes cure.

Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes can either be type 1 or type 2. Most people would consider type 1 diabetes to be more critical and serious because people suffering from this condition do not produce adequate insulin to regulate glucose levels. It is believed that genetic factors may play a big role in the development of type 1 diabetes. Type 2 on the other hand is characterized by insulin resistance. A type 2 diabetic’s pancreas may be fully functional but the body’s cells are resistant to the influence of insulin and do not take in as much glucose for cell energy production.

Most Americans with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. Although it is as devastating as type 1, it can be easier to manage especially when detected early because it does not involve a defective pancreas.

Cure for Type 2 Diabetes

Up to the present, science has not yet come up with a type 2 diabetes cure. Even insulin shots in severe type 2 cases are not considered a cure because an individual would still have to rely on external sources of the hormone to regulate glucose. Some researchers are now currently exploring the possibility of pancreas transplants for type 1 sufferers which may also work for severe type 2 patients. Even transplant research however has not yielded a suitable type 2 diabetes cure. Transplants could be rejected by the host’s cells or still end up failing to supply insulin.

People suffering with type 2 diabetes simply have to content themselves, for the moment, with some preventive measures and treatments that don’t really cure. With proper treatment, individuals can lead lives that are close to normal even without a type 2 diabetes cure.

Risk Factors

Getting treated early is the first step to stopping the full blown development of diabetes. In many ways, this is already similar to a type 2 diabetes cure. Treatment however relies on recognizing the symptoms early. Millions of Americans however do not show any diabetic symptoms until complications that affect the heart, eyes and skin have developed. One way to detect diabetes without the symptoms is to look at the risk factors. A family history of diabetes is most certainly a sign that you should watch over your blood glucose level or at least have it checked regularly. You should also be worried if you are heavier than the ideal weight for your age and height.

Prevention

Prevention is the closest thing you can ever get to a type 2 diabetes cure. Not much can be done if you are genetically predisposed to diabetes. Genetically inherited diabetes can simply be regulated through diet, exercise and medication. A lot can be done however if you have diabetes because of your weight and your lifestyle.

Some studies show that people can actually delay or prevent the development of the type 2 diabetes condition. Prevention lies mainly in strictly maintaining a planned diet and exercise program. Ask your doctor to teach you how to count your carbohydrates and come up with planned meals to keep your blood sugar level constant.

Learn the facts about Type 2 Diabetes cure . Visit Diabetes Care FAQs.Info for some of the most comprehensive diabetes information.